Sergei (Serhiy) Podolinsky (1850-1891) - scientist behind BiodynamicsBiodynamics evolution is the history of many centuries of farming which have been accumulated and formulated in a structured form by agronomy scientists and progressive farmers around the world during the past century. Rudolf SteinerBiodynamic agriculture, as a method of organic farming, has its basis in a philosophical world-view of ecological economics presented by  Ukrainian scientist Sergei (Serhiy) Podolinsky (1850-1891), elaborated by a number of agronomy scientists and propounded by Rudolf Steiner (1961-1925) as part of anthroposophy, which treats farms as unified and individual organisms, emphasizing balancing the holistic development and interrelationship of the soil, plants, animals as a closed, self-nourishing system. The modern biodynamics has been largely supplemented by Alex Podolinsky, the grandson of Sergei Podolinsky.

Alex Podolinsky is one of the outstanding pioneering individuals in Bio-Dynamics world-wide. He is mainly responsible for the wide-spread and highly successful application of Bio-Dynamic farming particularly in Australia and has students in many countries around the World. Alex Podolinsky elaborated further on his grandfather’s philosophy and took up  Steiner’s challenge of making the Bio-Dynamic method available to “all farmers”. By applying and refining the method on his own farm, and then by working closely with other farmers from a multitude of enterprises since the early 1950s, he was able to bring the teachings of biodynamics down to a more practical level while supporting his very keen observations with clear and concise explanations of biodynamic farming techniques.

Regarded by some proponents as the first modern ecological farming system, biodynamic farming includes organic agriculture’s emphasis on manures and composts and exclusion of the use of artificial chemicals on soil and plants. Methods unique to the biodynamic approach include the use of fermented herbal and mineral preparations as compost additives and field sprays and the use of an astronomical sowing and planting calendar. The latter however is more difficult to realize in large-scale farming conditions.

According to Alex Podolinsky and many of his followers, biodynamics is the agriculture of the future, the only sustainable and most efficient technology for organic farming which will eventually be able to produce better bio and organic food for the growing World’s population.

Biodynamic agriculture continues to evolve and naturally wins recognition as the ultimate alternative to industrial agriculture based on agrochemicals use and irrational utilization of soil resources for the mere sake of maximization of profits by corporations which are, in fact, not dealing with farming directly. Biodynamic farming is a fully sustainable, no-waste system of preserving natural fertility of soil through better understanding the nature of soil and supplementing or curing the soil with natural components.

The evolution of agriculture is happening now and biodynamics is leading this evolution providing the most effective inputs required by soil, the main asset and primary basis of agriculture.


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